Hidden China & Laos Discovery (ZXL)

Luang Prabang to Xi'an 29 days, departing 05 Apr 2014

Ratings for this trip

Comfort Zone: Moderate

Moderate Comfort Level. These trips allow you to get off the beaten track with a few of your home comforts. On OVERLAND TRIPS expect there may be some wild camps, but with a predominance of campsites with good facilities (often with upgrades to rooms available) or staying in small hotels. Hotels will range from basic up to reasonably comfortable. Sharing will be on a 2, 3 or 4 person basis. On ADVENTURE HOLIDAYS we will have standard style accommodation, usually budget or tourist-class (2-3 star) accommodation with private facilities. Some accommodation may be on a multi-share basis. Transport will be a mixture of local and privately hired.

Physical Challenge: Moderate Fitness

MODERATE FITNESS: You will travel through areas that may be physically challenging. For example you may be at altitude some of the time. Depending on the trip, activities may include treks of 3-4 hours across hilly terrain, horse-riding and other adventurous activities. A moderate level of fitness is required.

Countries Visited

China

As one of the world's largest countries and the most populous there is so much to discover in China.

Understanding the history of China is key to understanding modern China. The people are proud of it's past, and keen to share it's heritage with the world. In a country that defies superlatives the words 'vast', 'astonishing' and 'variation' don't really seem to cover it - China really does have it all. Jungle in the south, mountains in the west, desert in the north and 21st century cities.. well... almost everywhere.

Beijiing is the hub of political and international focus. With the 2008 Olympic games providing funds to modernise huge ares of the city, it is a truly modern city. However most visitors are most struck by it's old elements from celebrated site such as the Forbidden Palace to simple, traditional hutongs.

There's a lot of China to see and most of it is changing rapidly, so what are you waiting for? Get out there are discover it for yourself.

Laos

For a small country, Laos is one of the most diverse places in South East Asia.

Luang Nam Tha is a relaxing town in the heart of the country lying on the side of the Tha river. A place for exploration, it is the base for some of the indigenous tribes of the country. For more adrenaline fuelled activities, a trek through the Nam Ha National Park is a must. Also a hot spot for water sports, this protected area is a treasure surrounded by trees and rolling rivers. This national park is a fantastic chance to see some of the beautiful dress of the Laos people. The handcrafted decorative materials are truly remarkable.

Laos is graced with many lovely, relaxed towns, a product of the country's Bhuddest traditions of peace and respect. The soothing effects of the city of Luang Prabang is no exception. With the viberant market, great Franco-Loas food and the near byKuang Si waterfalls it's place most visitors spend at least a few days.

The capital city of Vientiane is home to The Golden Stupa which is the national symbol of Laos. It's a fine example of this relaxed and handsome city.

Like the lands the food too is beautiful. The typical Lao dish of Laap is rich in marinated meat and aromatic herbs. It is a perfect treat after a day of exploring. With a distinct taste, the dishes is best enjoyed with sticky rice and lashings of fish sauce.

Laos is a country that offers a friendly welcome and it does take long to get into 'Laos time' where days are slowly whiled away enjoying the landscapes and culture of one of the gems of South East Asia.

Daily Itinerary

Day 1: Luang Prabang

Sat 05 Apr 2014

Border Information: Welcome to Luang Prabang. If joining in Luang Prabang, enter Laos at Luang Prabang Airport.

Trip meeting at 18:00hrs in our friendly local hotel. Otherwise today is free for you to explore Luang Prabang. Overnight in local hotel.

Hotel for the night: Bellevue Bungalows

Bellevue Bungalows

Old Bridge Street

Ban Meaungna

Luang Prabang

Tel: +856 71 25 2775

Activity Approximate Cost

Enjoy the tranquility of beautiful colonial city Luang Prabang

Included in Kitty

Royal Theatre.

USD 8

Cooking Demonstration.

USD 10

Wat Xieng Thong.

USD 2

Mt Phousi.

USD 4

Luang Prabang

The enchanting "royal" city of Luang Prabang is anchored at the junction of the Mekong and Nam Khan rivers in northern Laos. Home to a spellbinding array of gilded temples, art deco shop fronts and weathered French colonial buildings, It is a fascinating and beautiful city to wander around. For all its magnificent architecture, it actually feels more like an easy-going provincial town: saffron-robed monks amble silently through the streets collecting offerings from the city's residents first thing in the morning, and when the evening comes old men lounge in chairs outside their homes while children play out in the streets. There's plenty to explore here from the Royal Palace and many temples to the sacred caves of Pak Ou a short distance outside the city. You can also make the steep climb up Mount Phousi, the spiritual and geographical heart of the city, and a great spot to watch the sunset over the Mekong.

Day 2: Luang Namtha

Sun 06 Apr 2014

This morning we drive from Luang Prabang to Luang Namtha. We stay here for 3 nights at a friendly local guesthouse.

Luang Namtha

Luang Namtha is a laid-back town on the banks of the Nam Tha river in northern Laos. It's the most ethnically diverse area in the whole of the country, home to more than 35 minority groups, including the Lanten, Hmong, Khmu and Tai Dam. We spend a couple of nights here giving us time to explore the area, sample the local food at the night market or just to kick-back, relax and unwind.

Close nearby, the Nam Ha Protected Area is a conservation area covering over 200,000 sq km's. It's a beautiful, remote, mountainous area, home to a wide array of wildlife including the black-cheeked crested gibbon, tigers and clouded leopards, as well as over 300 species of birds. Whilst we are staying in Luang Namtha it is possible to arrange trekking, mountain-biking, kayaking and rafting trips that will take you right in to the heart of this protected region.

Day 3 to 4: Luang Namtha

Mon 07 Apr to Tue 08 Apr 2014

We have two free days for activities in and around Luang Namtha, popular activities include hiking and trekking in the national park.

We stay overnight in a local guesthouse.

Activity Approximate Cost

Optional rafting, kayaking and trekking in Nam Ha National Park

Day 5: Jinghong

Wed 09 Apr 2014

Border Information: Exit Laos at Boten, enter China at Mengla.

This morning we drive from Lunag Namtha to the border, cross into China and begin our journey north through the southern region of Xishuangbanna. This is China off-the-beaten track and we are unlikely to see many other tourists here. We spend the next few days overlanding through this beautiful area, stopping off at towns, villages and local markets along the way.

We will stay overnight at a local hotel in Jinghong.

Day 6: Xishuangbanna

Thu 10 Apr 2014

Third day overlanding through 'banna'. Wildcamping or local hotel overnight.

Xishuangbanna

Xishuangbanna in China's deep south is a remot region characterised by it's lush, tropical landscape of virgin rainforest, plantations and paddy fields. The area takes it’s name from the Chinese approximation of the original Thai "Sip Sawng Pann" which means "12 rice growing districts". Passing through the small villages and tropical forests you'll realise just how far removed from the rest of provincial China you are, Banna has a real laid-back, Southeast Asian feel, more akin to it's close neighbours Laos and Myanmar. The area is also home to a large number of indigenous minority groups like the Dai people, with their distinctive colourful dress and customs.

Day 7: Shilin Stone Forest

Fri 11 Apr 2014

Today we will have a bit more driving to do, before we arrive in Shilin, home to the Shilin Stone Forest. We will spend some time exploring and wildcamp overnight.

Activity Approximate Cost

Explore the maze of limestone pinnacles in the Stone Forest

Included in Kitty

Shilin Stone Forest

The Shilin "Stone Forest" is an intriguing maze of towering grey limestone pillars, the tallest of which is 30 metres high. The pinnacles and peaks have been eroded by the wind and rain into bizarre and fanciful shapes. Walking through the "forest" by moonlight which is a surreal and otherworldly experience.

Day 8: Kunming

Sat 12 Apr 2014

Short morning drive to Kunming and civilisation after the last few days wildcamping! We will see a different side to China here, this is a vibrant, modern city, and we will have the rest of the day to explore, staying overnight in a comfortable local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Overnight stay in Yunnan's laid back capital, Kunming

Included in Kitty

Kunming

Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province is known in China as "the city of eternal spring" due to its temperate climate. It's a thoroughly modern city, home to a population of about 6 million - but despite its size it's actually pretty laid-back and is an enjoyable place to while away an afternoon. The Yuantong temple is definitely worth a visit, at over 1000 years old it is the largest Buddhist temple complex in Kunming, or treat yourself to a hair cut from one of the outdoor barbers who offer their services around the Tang Pagodas.

Day 9: Kunming

Sun 13 Apr 2014

Welcome to Kunming. There will be a group meeting at 18:00 PM. The rest of the evening is free to explore.

We overnight in a comfortable hotel.

Hotel for the night: Jinhua Grand Hotel

Jinhua Grand Hotel

(Also known as Kingworld International Hotel)

No. 96 Beijing Road

Kunming

People's Republic of China.

Tel: 0871-63526666

Activity Approximate Cost

Overnight stay in Yunnan's laid back capital, Kunming

Included in Kitty

Day 10: Dali

Mon 14 Apr 2014

Morning drive from Kunming to the small lakeside town of Dali. Afternoon free to explore. We stay here for 2 nights, basing ourselves at a local hotel.

Dali

Everybody loves Dali. Aside from the beautiful setting with its stunning mountain backdrop, the town is home to the minority Bai people, which makes for some colourful history and culture, not to mention its traveller friendly western style beer gardens and restaurants. With its temperate climate and beauitful natural setting it's the perfect place for some rest and relaxation - be it Cormorant fishing on lake Erhai Hu or enjoying a tradtional Chinese massage.

Day 11: Dali

Tue 15 Apr 2014

Free day in Dali for activities and giving more time to explore the town and surrounding area. Second night in local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Time for sightseeing in the lakeside town of Dali, home to the minority Bai people

Included in Kitty

Day 12: Lijiang

Wed 16 Apr 2014

Drive from Dali to Lijiang. We stay in historic Lijiang for 3 nights in a friendly local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Learn about local Naxi culture and the shamanistic Dongba religion

Included in Kitty

Lijiang

Nestled in a beautiful valley dominated by the ice-capped massif of Yulong Xue Shan (Jade Dragon Snow Mountain) Lijiang is a small town in north-west Yunnan and capital of the Naxi Kingdom. The old town is a UNESCO world heritage site - a maze of cobbled streets threading in and out of a network of ancient waterways supplied by the nearby mountain streams. Explore the Mu Palace, enjoy a traditional Naxi music culture show or wander around the old town and make a wish like the locals do - by sending a candle down one of the many canals on a delicate flower-shaped boat.

The Naxi are one of China's many minority groups, descended from a race of Tibetan nomads who settled in the region some time before the start of the tenth century. Until very recently Naxi society was organised around matriarchal lines - and in many ways the women still seem to be the ones running the show - especially in and around old Lijiang. Traditionally the Naxi have practiced a shamanistic religion known as Dongba, a blend Animism, Taoism and old Tibetan traditions and pantheistic murals still decorate many of the temples in and around the town.

Day 13: Lijiang, Tiger Leaping Gorge

Thu 17 Apr 2014

Free day in Lijiang to relax and explore. Optional trekking in Tiger Leaping Gorge. If not trekking, second night in friendly local hotel.

Tiger Leaping Gorge

About 100 kms north of Lijiang the upper reaches of the Yangtze River channel cut spectacularly through Tiger Leaping Gorge. Set at 2,500 metres altitude, the 16km long gorge is flanked on it's southern side by a range of ash grey mountain peaks that rise over 3km above the rivers rapids. The Gorge was so named as in Chinese mythology a tiger jumped across the gorge to escape a hunter.

It is usually possible to organise a 2 day trek through the gorge, staying overnight in one of the local guesthouses. It’s a beautiful trek of that is achievable by most active people. The highlight for many if staying in the homely guests houses along the route – a great place to relax in the peace of the mountains.

Day 14: Lijiang

Fri 18 Apr 2014

Second free day in Lijiang. If not trekking, third night in friendly local hotel.

Day 15: Panzhihua

Sat 19 Apr 2014

Today we drive towards Sichuan privince. We will camp en route.

Panzhihua

Located in the upper region of the Yangtze River, is the Industrial city of Panzhihua. The magnificent mining operations in this city are nothing short of magnificent. It is a contrasting place, as it is surrounded by rolling hills and lush forests, which make Panzhihua a great place for exploration!

Day 16: Emei Shan

Sun 20 Apr 2014

This morning we have a short drive to Emeishan. We stay here for 2 nights, basing ourselves at a local hotel or guesthouse.

Day 17: Emei Shan

Mon 21 Apr 2014

Free day to relax and explore Emeishan. optional hikes up the holiest mountain in China. Second night in local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Day trek up the lush mountain of Emei Shan, one of the most important pilgrimage treks in China

Day 18: Chengdu, Leshan

Tue 22 Apr 2014

Drive from Emei Shan to Chengdu, stopping off in Leshan to visit the Dafo Buddha en route. We spend 2 nights in Chengdu, staying in a comfortable local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Ferry trip down the river to see the huge Dafo Buddha in Leshan

Da Fo Buddha.

Included in Kitty

Chengdu

Chengdu has a surprisingly laid back feel for a big city and a good variety of things to see and do. For wildlife lovers, an absolute must is a visit out to the Giant Panda breeding centre. Sichuan province is home to the majority of the few Pandas that are left in the wild, as the Yangtze basin ecoregion is an important habitat for the animals. Because their numbers are so depleted, it is virtually impossible to see a panda in the wild - and so this centre offers a convenient and educational way to get up close to these amazing animals.

Chengdu also has numerous historical and cultural sites to explore such as the Marquis of Wu's Temple, a number of famous Buddhist sanctuaries and Qingyanggong, the best-preserved memorial temple of Lao Zi, father of Taoism. For those who have seen a few too many Buddhas and temples already, another option is to sit and relax in one of the city's many tearooms or ‘chadians’. Chengdu is famous for these meeting places where men wile away the hours chatting and putting the world to rights. They are an integral part of Sichuan life and should not be missed.

If you're feeling brave, Chengdu is also a good place to sample Sichuan cooking. Be prepared, this is not for everybody, because chilli is the most important ingredient. Even by Asian standards, the Sichuanese heap a phenomenal amount of hot spice onto most dishes. However, once you get past the initial explosive shock, the food is actually quite subtle, as illustrated by the fish-flavoured pork and the aptly named strange-flavoured chicken, so it's definitely worth persevering and giving it a try.

Leshan

South of Chengdu in Sichaun province lies Emei Shan, one of the holiest mountains in all of China. At just over 3000m high, this mountain has been a centre of pilgrimage for over 1800 years. It has some irresistible treks. Although it would take three days to do the mountain full justice, the lower slopes have some great hiking trails through dense lush green vegetation. These treks follow the route of the pilgrims to a variety of beautiful Buddhist temples. While you trek, a constant stream of pilgrims will pass you by on their way up or down the mountain. For those determined to get to the summit, you can do it in one day, by taking a minibus up a road and then climbing the last section.

The nearby town of Leshan is a 1300-year-old market town. The most impressive thing to see here is Dafo (the Great Buddha), which at 71m tall is the world's largest Buddha. It is beautifully situated on the banks of the Min River and the best way to see it is to take a boat trip. The Buddha took over 90 years to build and incorporated ingenious water ducting canals to reduce weathering and water erosion. It's a truly impressive sight, peering out over the river through half-lidded eyes with its vast bulk towering over the small boats.

Day 19: Chengdu

Wed 23 Apr 2014

Early morning visit to the Chengdu Panda Breeding centre. Free afternoon in Chengdu to explore the city. Second night in comfortable hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Visit to the Giant Panda breeding centre in Chengdu

Included in Kitty

People's Park.

USD

Wenshu Monastery.

USD 1

Cultural show and Sichuan opera.

USD 16

Day 20: Dazu

Thu 24 Apr 2014

A short drive to Dazu, where we visit the Bei Shan and Baoding Shan caves, famous for their brightly coloured freizes and carvings. Overnight in a local hotel.

Day 21: Chongqing, Dazu

Fri 25 Apr 2014

Drive from Dazu to Chongqing. Overnight in Chongqing in a local hotel, or straight on to Yangtze Ferry (itinerary will vary depending on ferry schedule).

Activity Approximate Cost

Side trip to see the amazing sleeping Buddha in the Dazu Caves

Included in Kitty

3 day Yangtze River cruise (incl. all meals) on a top end local ferry (not a cruise boat)

Included in Kitty

Day 22: Wanzhou, Three Gorges

Sat 26 Apr 2014

First day of Yangtze River Cruise. We travel on a local ferry boat used by local people, a much more authentic and interesting way of travelling than on a tourist cruiser. But this definitely doesn't mean slumming it, as most of the local ferries have now been upgraded to good quality accommodation and are often retired cruise boats. We stay in shared cabins (4 members of the group to each cabin) with private bathrooms and air conditioning where possible.

The journey itself is along this great river through the most stunning scenery of the Three Gorges, the Qutang, Wu and Xiling Gorges. The boats usually stop at the Fengdu (Ghost City), Shibaozai Tower, home to the Lanruo Dian (Orchid-like Temple) and at the three Lesser Gorges. However due to local conditions, stops cannot always be guaranteed.

Three Gorges

Harnessing the power of the mighty Yangtze River, The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric project ever undertaken. The Chinese initially started work on the dam  back in 1994, and once complete it will change the face of this region forever. The two primary purposes of the dam are to generate hydroelectric power and prevent major flooding.  On completion, it's estimated that the average power generated over the course of a year will be 84.68 billion kilowatt hours (KWH). Then there's the constant threat of flooding, the Yangtze has always posed a real threat to life and habitation to those living in its flood plains, and the building of the dam will finally remove that threat. On the other hand, the environmental damage, human displacement and cultural impact caused by the rising water must not be underestimated.

History will be the judge of this projects success, but until then a boat trip along the river offers a unique insight into how the construction of the dam is affecting peoples lives here. The most popular section of the river to travel along is between Yichang and Chongqing. Travelling between these two towns on a local river ferry you will pass through the most stunning scenery of the Three Gorges; Qutang, Wu and Xiling. The boats usually also stop at the Fengdu (Ghost City); Shibaozai Tower, home to the Lanruo Dian (Orchid-like Temple); and the three Lesser Gorges, although the exact itineraries vary depending on time of year and local conditions.

Day 23: Badong

Sun 27 Apr 2014

Second day of Yangtze River Cruise. Second night on ferry.

Day 24: Yichang

Mon 28 Apr 2014

Depending on the ferry schedule and when we arrive in Yichang, we will either spend one or two nights here. It is a pleasant town on the shores of the Yangtze River, making it a good place to spend a bit of time relaxing and exploring. While we are here we stay in a friendly local guesthouse.

Yichang

The town of Yichang is situated in a curve on the northern banks of the Yangtze River. An ancient city, it's history can be traced back 4000 years, although today the town is best known a a gateway to the Three Gorges and the home of the Three Gorges Dam project.

Day 25: Yichang

Tue 29 Apr 2014

Free to explore.

Day 26: Xiang Fan, Wudang Shan

Wed 30 Apr 2014

Morning drive from Yichang to Xiang Fan. Afternoon exploring Wudang Shan Mountain Reserve. Overnight in local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Visit the mountain reserve of Wudang Shan - the backdrop to Ang Lee's 'Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon'

Included in Kitty

Wudang Shan

Wudang Shan is an important site for followers of Taoism; a 1600m mountain, liberally dotted with Taoist temples. To really understand this place you need to understand the principles of Taoism, which would realistically involve a huge amount of careful study - but the basic underlying principles are the "Ways of Nature", essentially the bond that unites man and nature. Taoists believe in "Wu Wei", which roughly means that no action can be done that runs contrary to nature. This is a pretty wide remit, subject to many interpretations, but it's core principles can be seen clearly at Wudang Shan. Here man lives in harmony with the mountain. This is a great place for a hike, exploring the mountain, visiting the temples and meeting some of the Taoists who have made the pilgrimage here. Wudang Shan is also famous for its martial arts; Wudang boxing was created here and subsequently developed into the modern Tai Ji. It may be possible to organise a visit to the local martial art school situated at the base of the mountain.

Day 27: Wudang Shan

Thu 01 May 2014

More time to explore Wudang Shan and the surrounding area. Overnight in local hotel.

Activity Approximate Cost

Trek up the Tianzu Peak to visit the Taoist martial arts school and numerous temples on Wudang Shan

Day 28: Xi'an

Fri 02 May 2014

Drive to Xi'an. We stay in a comfortable hotel with good facilities.

Activity Approximate Cost

Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian

CNY 80

Bicycle rental on city wall, Xian

CNY 80

Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Xian

CNY 50

Great Mosque, Xian

CNY 25

Shaanxi History Museum, Xian

CNY 25

Bell and Drum towers, Xian

CNY 50

Xi'an

The imperial centre of China for 2,000 years, Xi'an is now a vibrant, modern city dotted with many interesting  historical sites. A monument pays homage to the fact that this was the start of the famous ancient trading route of the Silk Road and the city is still surrounded by city walls which you can climb and walk or cycle along, a unique way to experience the city. For a different view, haul yourself to the top of the Bell or Drum Towers in the centre of the city. Thanks to Xi'an's long and colourful history, the city is full of beautiful temples and museums and interesting cultural and historic sites, the most famous of which are probably the 2000 year old Terracotta warriors. Home to many Hui people, an ethnic Muslim minority, the city also has a unique Islamic flavour, particularly in the streets surrounding the Great Mosque, best explored by foot. Once you've worn yourself out with a hard days sightseeing, you can head out to the night markets to try some of the many tantalising local specialties on offer. Pao mo is a lamb broth that you break flat bread into, or try hand pulled noodles or hot pot. Later on, try your luck at karaoke, hugely popular here, or head down to the South Park to live it up with the locals as they dance, practice martial arts, play games, fly kites and watch the world go by.

Day 29: Xi'an

Sat 03 May 2014

 

Border Information: If finishing in Xi'an, exit China at Xi'an Airport.

This morning we visit the Terracotta Warriors. 

Activity Approximate Cost

Luxury in Xi'an: civilisation, a great hotel and guided tour of the Terracotta Warriors

Included in Kitty

Visa Information:

 

Most countries we visit on our travels will require visas. Some are best obtained before you leave home and others can be obtained en-route. Whilst the ultimate responsibility for obtaining visas is yours, we will endeavour to assist you wherever possible.

The visa requirements for your trip vary depending on where you are from and where you are going. The information provided is given in good faith and we do try to keep the visa information as up to date as possible. Please be aware though that rules do change, often without prior warning, which is why it is important that you check for yourself.

For visas that are needed in advance you can choose to submit the applications directly to the relevant embassy/consulate. However our recommendation is that you use a visa agent to assist you with your applications. While this does increase the cost it will make the process much easier for you. Dragoman have teamed up with ‘The Visa Machine’ to create a safe, secure, hassle-free way of obtaining visas and visa advice. Our unique link within their website is designed to make the visa process as straightforward as possible. Simply go to https://dragoman.thevisamachine.com and click on your region of travel followed by your trip route and ‘The Visa Machine’ will advise you about not only the required visas but also the dates by which you should apply. ‘The Visa Machine’ can then assist you in the actual visa application thus taking all the worry and hassle out of the process. This should apply for ALL nationalities and countries of residence.

As you will need to submit your passport together with your applications, we recommend that you avoid making any travel plans in the weeks leading up to your departure. However if you do need to travel in this period please let us know as soon as possible so that we can help you work out the options for your visa application process.

Xi'an to Luang Prabang Visas

In order to make the visa process as easy as possible we have teamed up with The Visa Machine. 

Please click on Xi'an to Luang Prabang Visa Information link where you will be able to view all the visa cut off dates and all your visa information for ALL departures.

Luang Prabang to Xi'an Visas

In order to make the visa process as easy as possible we have teamed up with The Visa Machine. 

Please click on (----) link where you will be able to view all the visa cut off dates and all your visa information for ALL departures.

China

Please apply in advance for your visa. The visa is valid for 3 - 6 months from the date of issue and has a validity of 30, 60 or 90 days. All nationalities should check with the respective embassies for more information and costs.

You require a single entry tourist visa for either 30, 60 or 90 days depending on your trip.

It is advised that you do not mention Kashgar, Urumqi, Turpan or Tibet anywhere on your Chinese visa application form as this may lead to your application being rejected.

Please note Dragoman will require a clear photocopy of your passport as soon as possible after booking.

For further information and details of how to fill out your application form please visit http://dragoman.thevisamachine.com/ and search for your trip.

Laos

All nationalities require a visa to enter Laos.

A 30 -day visa on arrival is available at all ports of entry in Laos including the airports, Vientiane, Luang Prabang and Paske. Make sure you arrive with enough USD to pay for the visa on arrival. You will be required to fill in an application form and hand it back together will your passport, 1 photo and the fee. All nationalities should check with the respective embassies for more information and costs.

If entering Laos overland we ask all our travellers to obtain their Laos visas en route, and NOT in their home country. Please ensure that you have up to 3 passport photos and costs range from US$30 - US$42 (please note that this amount can change at anytime and it is best to check with the embassy prior to your trip departure. There will also be an Immigration fee of 5000kip. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months AFTER your entry date into the country or you may be denied entry at the border.

Important Notes

The routes, activities and places visited described in these trip notes are intentions and are meant as a rough guide only.

 

We intend following the planned route but exact night stops cannot be guaranteed. It sometimes happens that we decide to make a change to our basic planned itinerary. This may be for a variety of reasons - climatic, road or bureaucratic conditions may demand it. By their very nature overland itineraries need to be flexible and the regions that we are travelling through are often unpredictable. We run adventure journeys in off the beaten track areas, often in areas without western infrastructure. You should expect that some these areas do not adhere to western safety standards.

Physical Preparation

Physical preparation for Asia Itineraries

In Asia you will need to be healthy enough to cope with extremes of climates from the hot deserts through to the colds of the high mountains. Overland travelling can be demanding - long, rough travel days, dusty conditions can be challenging to some. You will need to be fit enough to help every day with the camp chores (cooking, washing up, general camp set up) as well as putting up and taking down your own tent. There are some long driving days and some early morning starts. The step up into the overland vehicle, while not overly high can become tiring and you need to judge yourself to be physically fit enough to haul yourself up and down the step at least 8-10 times a day. By and large our Asia trips have a good range of hotel accommodation mixed up with camping so that life is not too rough.

Visa Information

Most countries we visit on our travels will require visas. Some are best obtained before you leave home and others can be obtained en-route. Whilst the ultimate responsibility for obtaining visas is yours, we will endeavour to assist you wherever possible.

The visa requirements for your trip vary depending on where you are from and where you are going. The information provided is given in good faith and we do try to keep the visa information as up to date as possible.  Please be aware though that rules do change, often without prior warning, which is why it is important that you check for yourself.

For visas that are needed in advance, you can choose to submit the applications directly to the relevant embassy or consulate.  However, our recommendation is that you use a visa agent to assist you with your applications. While this does increase the cost, it will make the process much easier for you. Dragoman have teamed up with ‘The Visa Machine’ to create a safe, secure, hassle-free way of obtaining visas and visa advice. Our unique link within their website is designed to make the visa process as straightforward as possible.  Simply go to https://dragoman.thevisamachine.com and click on your region of travel followed by your trip route and ‘The Visa Machine’ will advise you about not only the required visas but also the dates by which you should apply.  ‘The Visa Machine’ can then assist you in the actual visa application, thus taking all the worry and hassle out of the process.  This should apply for ALL nationalities and countries of residence.

As you will need to submit your passport together with your applications, we recommend that you avoid making any travel plans in the weeks leading up to your departure. However if you do need to travel in this period please let us know as soon as possible so that we can help you work out the options for your visa application process. 

Laos

All nationalities require a visa to enter Laos.

A 30 -day visa on arrival is available at all ports of entry in Laos including the airports, Vientiane, Luang Prabang and Paske. Make sure you arrive with enough USD to pay for the visa on arrival.You will be required to fill in an application form and hand it back together withl your passport, 1 photo and the fee. All nationalities should check with the respective embassies for more information and costs.

If entering Laos overland we ask all our travellers to obtain their Laos visas en route, and NOT in their home country.  Please ensure that you have up to 3 passport photos and costs range from US$30 - US$42 (please note that this amount can change at anytime and it is best to check with the embassy prior to your trip departure. There will also be an Immigration fee of 5000kip. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months AFTER your entry date into the country or you may be denied entry at the border.

Personal Spending

Based on the range that previous travellers have spent on this trip, we recommend you allow between a minimum of US$15 and a maximum of US$30 per day for Central Asia, China and Burma and between a minimum of US$10 and a maximum of US$20 for India, Nepal and South East Asia.

This will cover individual expenses such as drinks, meals whilst out and also when staying in hotels, souvenirs, tips and personal permits.

Please note:  For trips in Southern India that occur over Christmas and New Year please allow approximately $160USD extra on the kitty for seasonal increases in accommodation costs

What else you need to know

Pre and post trip accommodation and connecting flights

At Dragoman we believe you should make the most of the places you visit, so if you would like to see more of your joining or finishing point cities, why not book additional accommodation to extend your stay. Dragoman can take away the hassle of time zones and language barriers by making the booking for you. This accommodation is only available at the joining or finishing city of your trip, immediately before or after the trip you are travelling on. 

While Dragoman is happy to assist with booking your pre and post trip accommodation, it is important that you understand you may be able to book your own room at a cheaper rate directly through the hotel or on the internet.  Our additional accommodation prices are based on the hotel’s rate plus an administration fee. Please note our rates do not reflect last minute walk in rates or internet specials.

We can also book arrival airport transfers for you as long as we have your flight arrival details.  These are normally payable in cash upon arrival, however we do have pre paid transfers in a few destinations. 

Please contact our reservations team for details of the accommodation and transfers that we can offer as not all hotels offer this service.

Accommodation on tour

Dragoman overland trips are designed for shared accommodation, whether camping or staying in hotels and therefore do not involve a single supplement. Single travellers will share with people of the same sex for the duration of the trip, in accommodation ranging from twin to multi-share. The type and variety of accommodation is determined by conditions on each of our routes. The campsites will range from rather basic to those with excellent facilities, including swimming pools, restaurants and bars. In some cases it may also be possible to upgrade locally to bungalows, lodges or even tree-houses. One of the highlights of overlanding is that in more remote areas we will wild camp. This allows us to get far away from the tourist crowds to some beautiful, secluded spots. On some of our trips we are able to stay in villages or local homestays, this allows us to get close to indigenous populations and ensures our money stays within local communities. 

Group size?

The maximum group size we take on our overland journeys ranges from 19 to 22 depending on the geographical location, however the average number of passengers is more likely to be around 16. 

Please note that there is an overlap of 2 trips in Zanzibar. This means a group starting a trip in Nairobi for example will visit Zanzibar at the same time as groups starting their trips in Dar es Salaam. In practical terms this means there could be up to 44 group members in Zanzibar at the same time.

Who travels with Dragoman?

Our passengers come from around the world and are always an interesting mix of nationalities and ages. On average there is a pretty even split, males to females and between solo travellers, couples and small groups of friends. We believe that overlanding should be open to as many people as possible and so although we have a minimum age limit of 18, as long as you are fit, healthy and passionate about travel, we are happy to take you, whatever your age is. One of the beauties of group travel is the camaraderie and friendships that are formed along the way and as well as the variety of people that you will meet.

Our Community

At any time before or after you book you can join our community - Dragoland. This is a great place to ask questions before you travel and catch up with your fellow travellers once your trip has finished. You can share photos, videos and stories You can also download a selection of free travel apps. See the home page to sign in, it's free and easy.

We also have a Facebook page where travellers regularly swap info with each other - you can join here

Our crew and guides

Our crew are passionate about travel and always up for adventure. It takes someone special to become a Dragoman leader. Our crew undergo the most intensive training program of all overland companies, spending 10 weeks learning the ropes at our base in Suffolk, UK and then up to six months on the road as a trainee. On all Dragoman overlanding trips two western crew who are responsible for the group and the overall organisation will accompany you. While not being guides in the traditional sense you can expect them to have a broad knowledge of the places visited and to offer suggestions of things to do and see. On trips South of Nairobi in East and Southern Africa we will also have an African camp master/cook who is in charge of running the camp and organising all of the meals. Their knowledge of the local produce makes shopping at the markets great fun and you will learn how to prepare and cook some unusual dishes. In the rest of Africa, South America and the majority of Central Asia and China we use local guides who may stay with us for just a few hours or will actually travel with us for some or all of the journey. In these cases they become a third crew member and are able to offer their local knowledge as well as a real insight into the lives of the local people. 

Dragoman endeavours to provide the services of experienced crew however, due to the seasonality of travel, situations may arise where your crew is new to a particular region or training other crew.

Your tour leader has a duty of care to all of their passengers and therefore they have the authority to ask passengers to leave the trip if they require medical assistance, are behaving in an anti-social manner or refuse to comply with local laws and customs. In all matters relating to the trip, the leader's decision will be final and we appreciate your respect of this.

Health

All Dragoman travellers need to be in good physical health in order to participate fully in our trips. When selecting your trip please make sure you have read through the itinerary carefully and assess your ability to cope with our style of travel. Please note that if, in the opinion of our leader, any traveller is unable to complete the itinerary without undue risk to themselves and/or the rest of the group, Dragoman reserves the right to exclude them from all or part of the trip without a refund. 

You should consult your doctor for up-to-date medical travel information prior to travel, particularly if you have a pre-existing medical condition. We also advise you to declare any pre-existing medical conditions to your travel insurers upon purchase. 

For trips that travel to areas of high altitude we also require all travellers to complete an altitude questionnaire. The ratings for each trip are a good indication of how challenging they are and in some cases customers should be prepared for some long driving days and possibly limited facilities. We are always happy to give extra advice if you have additional concerns. 

 

Vaccinations

 Recommended vaccinations and other health protection vary according to regions and recent bulletins issued by health authorities. It is essential to get the latest advice on the region(s) you are planning to travel in. It is essential that you check with either your doctor or travel clinic in good time before you travel.

 In the UK we have been working with Nomad travel for many years and their website has comprehensive, up to date vaccination and health information. Dragoman customers will receive a 10% discount off all vaccinations given at Nomad Travel clinics.

A good source of up to date information is the world Health Organisation - http://www.who.int/en/

Malaria

Get expert advice before travelling about types of malaria pills and take them as instructed. Recommended types do change from time to time and from area to area. Consult your vaccination centre for the most up-to-date requirements

The mosquito usually bites between the hours of dusk and dawn and so covering up by wear long-legged and long-sleeved clothing, preferably light coloured and buttoned at the wrists can help. Do not sleep without closing windows, tent doors or, if sleeping out, use a mosquito net. Wear repellent applied directly to the skin or soaked into clothing.

Treating clothes and mosquito nets with a Permetherin solution provides significant protection. It should be available at most travel stores.  Mosquito coils are useful on still nights, in hotel rooms but cannot be used inside the tents.

Meals and group participation

On an overland journey you are more than just a passenger - you're part of the crew. You are expected to pitch in to set up camp, shop for food, cook and generally help out. As part of your trip you will be assigned a truck job which could be collecting water and firewood, sweeping out the truck, loading the back locker, etc.

While camping on overland journeys, all meals are included in the kitty. This means that you will have to work together to cook for everyone in your group. You will be divided into smaller units of 3-4 people and take it in turns to cook for the whole group according to a rota system. When it is your turn to cook you will have to plan the meal, shop for the ingredients in local markets or supermarkets and then prepare the meal for the whole group. The secret to cooking for 20+ people in a basic camping kitchen is to keep it simple! (On trips south of Nairobi we have a cook on board the truck; however you will still be required to help prepare meals).

If you have any dietary requirements please tell us at the time of booking and also remind your crew at your welcome meeting. An example of a typical camp breakfast might be toast with spreads, fruit and cereal as well as tea and coffee. When time allows it will also be possible to serve something hot such as eggs or pancakes. Lunch is almost always a sandwich heaped high with healthy salad and assorted fillings, with fruit to follow. Dinner might be a BBQ, risotto or pasta dish and there is always the chance to try some local cooking. Generally our passengers find the more they put into a trip, the more they benefit from it.

Responsible tourism

Dragoman is committed to ensuring that we have a positive impact on local communities and that we implement policies to minimise any negative impact on the local environment. We are dedicated to making sure that we adopt a responsible attitude to the areas through which we travel and believe that our trips should benefit the local people and their environment. Dragoman recognises that we are guests of local communities and strive to make these communities our partners, so that they benefit directly from our visit. You can find full details of Dragoman’s responsible tourism policy linked from the home page.

A few Rules 

 Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on our trips. Possessing or using drugs is not only against the law, but also puts the rest of the group at risk. Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some parts of the world but is not acceptable for Dragoman customers.  It is one of our core values to treat all people we encounter with respect which of course includes all the local people who make our destinations so special.  The exploitation of prostitutes or children is completely contrary to this philosophy. Our group leader has the right to expel any member of the group if drugs are found in their possession or if they use prostitutes or abuse children.  Equally Dragoman will not tolerate any violence or threat of violence towards local people, other group members or any member of our staff. 

 We expect all our customers to obey all the laws of the countries through which we pass.  This particularly applies to the smuggling of contraband and possession of narcotic drugs (as above), firearms, antiquities and ivory. 

Any customer found contravening such laws or customs will be required to leave the trip immediately with no refund of the trip price.

Safety and security

One of the real advantages of overland travel is that the vehicle provides a very real level of security when travelling. There is no doubt that a properly equipped overland vehicle, with safes, fully lockable doors and windows is an obvious advantage when travelling in much of the world. We recommend the use of a neck wallet or money belt whilst travelling for the safe-keeping of your passport, air tickets, cash and other valuable items (although most of these can be locked in the safe whilst you are on the trip) and advise passengers to leave any valuable jewellery, watches etc at home. Generally speaking, you will not be travelling on local public transport and will have the added security of travelling in a group with experienced crew on hand to offer advice.

Please note: Any personal effects that are left on the truck, even if they are stored in the safe, are left at your own risk and Dragoman cannot be held responsible for any damage or theft that may occur.

The safety of our passengers, leaders and operators is a major priority of Dragoman. With this in mind we monitor world events very closely. By the very nature of the adventure travel that we take, there are risks and hazards that are inherent in our itineraries. Dragoman makes operational decisions based on informed advice from a number of sources:

The British Foreign and Commonwealth Office travel advice

Reports from other travel companies and local suppliers

Leaders reports from off the road

Local contacts we have built up over 31 years of experience

Dragoman has also teamed up with the UK Foreign and commonwealth office (FCO) in their 'Know before you go campaign' www.gov.uk/knowbeforeyougoThis website offers straightforward travel advice, top tips, and up to date country information to help you plan a safe trip.

Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. You should always make yourself aware of the travel advice before you book and again before you travel. Below are links to some of the websites

Britain. http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/travelling-and-living-overseas/travel-advice-by-country

Australia. http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/

New Zealand. http://www.safetravel.govt.nz/

United States. http://travel.state.gov/travel/travel_1744.html

Canada. http://www.voyage.gc.ca/countries_pays/menu-eng.asp

Dragoman has comprehensive passenger liability protection and tour operator insurance. These policies have total indemnities of £3,000,000 and £10,000,000 respectively. This is in addition to local vehicle insurance and your personal travel insurance.

Emergency contact

We have a dedicated 24 hour telephone number which should only be used once you have left the UK and in the event of a real emergency. Should you need to call the number, we will do what we can to help but please bear in mind that real progress or action may not be possible until normal office hours.

If your flight is delayed or cancelled, please let us know and then make your way to the joining hotel as instructed in theses trip notes. If you cannot get through leave a message and a contact number as these will be regularly checked and the crew informed if necessary.

Emergency Number: +44 (0) 7985106564.

Insurance

It is a condition of booking that you have comprehensive travel insurance. Without evidence of valid travel insurance you will not be allowed to start the trip.

Whatever policy you choose, you must ensure that it is designed for adventure/overland travel. As such it must cover you for adventure activities such as white water rafting, trekking, horse-riding and that the 24 Hour Emergency Assistance Company must be experienced in handling situations in developing countries – for example they have the ability to arrange repatriation from remote areas such as the Sahara or if you were trekking in the Andes. Please double check if you have annual travel and/or credit card policies to ensure they have the cover you require, as many of these policies are not able to cope with adventure travel to remote areas. We recommend that any policy has the following minimum levels of cover: Medical (incl. repatriation) £5,000,000 Personal Liability £5,000,000 Cancellation and Curtailment £5,000 Loss of Baggage, personal effects, money and other inclusions are down to personal choice.

Issues on the trip

While we always endeavour to provide the best possible holiday experience, due to the nature of travel and the areas we visit sometimes things can and do go wrong. Should any issue occur while you are on your trip it is imperative that you discuss this with your group leader or our local partner straight away so that they can do their best to rectify the problem and save any potential negative impact on the rest of your trip.

We recognise that there may be times when your group leader may not be able to resolve a situation to your satisfaction. If this is the case please contact our customer relations department on customer_relations@dragoman.co.uk. You may also choose to provide details in your feedback questionnaire which we ask you to complete at the end of your trip but we do ask you to be aware that it is very difficult for us to provide any practical help after the trip is complete.

Passports

Check that your passport will still be valid for 6 months after the end of the trip - this is important as some countries WILL refuse entry to anyone whose passport is due to expire. A temporary or "visitor's” passport is not valid on our trips. You will need to provide us with your passport details prior to departing for you trip. If you change your passport please remember to inform us.

Luggage & Kit List

Although you will not have to carry your main bag long distances you will need to help load and unload them onto the truck. For this reason we recommend that you use a backpack or soft bag rather than a heavy suitcase. During your trip your main luggage will be kept in the back locker so you will also need a small daypack. This can be used to carry your camera, water bottle and other personal effects for daily use.

The size of baggage that can be brought on this tour is limited by the locker space on the truck. Different trucks have different-sized lockers however to be safe we recommend that your bag be no larger than 66cm deep, 30cm wide, and 30cm high. The weight limit for luggage on all trucks is maximum 20kg.  Backpacks should not have an external frame unless it can be easily removed and stored separately to avoid damaging other people's luggage.

Your clothes and equipment should be appropriate for the conditions you are travelling in. On overland trips Dragoman will provide all camping equipment apart from sleeping bags and ground mats (except on routes between Nairobi and Cape Town where ground mats are provided).

The clothes and equipment should be appropriate for the conditions you are travelling in, which will vary depending on which part of the world you're heading to. On overland trips Dragoman will provide all camping equipment apart from sleeping bags and ground mats*, so you'll need to bring those with you. Think about the climate and altitude of the areas you'll be travelling to, there's nothing worse than being cold at night so it's worth investing in a decent sleeping bag if it's likely to get cold. And remember even when it's warm during the day, it can often get cold at night, particularly in desert regions.

IMPORTANT: Ground mats are provided on all of our overland trips that run in South and East Africa, between Nairobi and Cape Town. This includes our Family trips between Nairobi and Cape Town.

For a general idea of what you need this list provides a guide:

For a comprehensive kit lists take a look at the Dragoman kit list that Nomad Travel have created.  Dragoman customers will receive a 10% discount on all equipment purchased either online or in store. Click to see the kit lists www.nomadtravel.co.uk/kitlist/overlanders-kit-list

Water

The sale of bottled water contributes to an enormous environmental problem around the world. In addition to the water in bottles, the production of a 1 litre plastic bottle takes 2 litres of water and 200ml of oil. A large proportion end up in limited landfill or discarded in waterways and natural environments.

Please avoid the purchase of bottled water by using the chemically sterilized water stored in the purpose built storage tank or in water jerry cans in your Overland vehicle. You are free to refill your bottle as many times a day as you like. You are helping the environment and your hip pocket!

Personal medical kit

All of our trucks have a fully stocked medical kit onboard for use in emergency situations only.  Therefore in addition to this we recommend that you purchase your own personal medical kit. In the UK we have teamed up with Nomad Travel Stores and Clinics to produce the Dragoman Travel Medical Kit. It has been designed in conjunction with the truck kits  and contains everything you would need for any minor accidents. For more details please visit their website:

nomadtravel.co.uk/catalog/view/dragoman-medical-kit

Electrical equipment

Your vehicle will be equipped with a 12 volt socket so to charge your iPod, MP3 player, camera, laptop and mobile phone you will need a DC 12 volt adapter - the type that can be used from a cigarette lighter in your car. Please be aware that only one piece of equipment can be charged at a time and it will not be allowed if there is a risk of running the vehicle’s batteries low. Batteries may also be recharged from hotel room wall sockets and the majority of the campsites we stay at have electricity points so please bring along your normal charging adapters as well. You will need to ensure that you have the correct country adaptor for your specific charger.

For mobile phones, please note that most countries in the Americas operate at 850MHz and 1900 MHz which is not the same frequencies used in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. Most modern tri-band and quad-band mobile phones will be able to operate on these frequencies but please check your mobile phone specifications before travelling to ensure that you'll be able to use your phone in the Americas.

The kitty

In addition to the trip price on our overlanding trips you will also be required to pay a kitty specified for your trip. The kitty is payable in instalments at the start of each section of the trip for combination trips, and in full at the start of the trip for individual trips. Each customer joining a trip pays their kitty into a central fund. The fund is managed by the Dragoman crew & kitty accounts can be viewed by all throughout the trip.

The Kitty covers all things that the whole group does, such as:

The kitty system is very unique to overlanding and we believe it allows us to have flexibility & transparency on our trips. You can see exactly how your money is being spent and ensure that you are getting the best value by buying locally. It also helps to keep the costs competitive & save on administration costs so that we can pass the saving on to you. Dragoman makes NO PROFIT on kitties as they are the group's fund. 

We constantly update the kitty prices on our website and the kitty advertised in the brochure is an estimate at the time of printing. Prices can go up or down with no notice and exchange rate fluctuations will affect costs. If there is money left in the kitty at the end of your trip then this is divided between the group and you receive a refund.  Once you book your trip it is very important that you check our website on a regular basis and just before departure for any changes to the kitty amount.

At least half of your kitty should be paid in cash in the specified currency on the website (US Dollars or Euros in West Africa). The outstanding amount can be paid in local currency during your trip; your leader will give you the exchange rate.  Most of our travellers choose to bring a cash passport with them for withdrawing local currency (you can visit www.cashpassport.com for further information on these). This is a very secure way of carrying your money whilst travelling. You treat them exactly like an ATM card and draw out local currency from an ATM to give to your leader within each country.

Travellers cheques have become increasingly difficult to change around the world with passengers and our leaders experiencing huge frustration and numerous hours spent trying to find a bank which will change travellers cheques. For this reason we no longer accept them on our trips.

Continuing your trip

Having an amazing trip and met a great group of people? Having too much fun to go home yet?  If on your trip you decide you would like to continue, then why not speak to your trip leader who can advise you of the cost and availability of continuing your journey.

Contingency emergency fund

Sometimes, civil or political unrest, or reasons beyond Dragoman's control (e.g. a natural disaster), can mean that an itinerary is disrupted and we have to make a contingency plan. This may involve hiring alternate transport or even the whole group flying over an area. Although Dragoman will help organise travel arrangements, in circumstances outside Dragoman's control you should be prepared to contribute towards the costs and therefore we ask you to bring along a 'Contingency Fund' of USD400. In almost all cases trips run smoothly and this fund is therefore never used. We also recommend that you take along an internationally recognised credit or charge card with a decent limit in case of emergencies, such as medical treatment en route, or even the need to be repatriated; though these occurrences are rare. Remember that travel insurance policies usually only refund you for expenses after you have already paid out.

Tipping

Tipping is entirely voluntary. The Dragoman crew may be travelling with you for many weeks and usually they become good friends with most members of the group. It is sometimes easy to forget that they do work hard to ensure that you do have a great trip. If you feel you would like to tip them, they certainly would appreciate it. On a number of our trips, we also use a local guide as well as our own Dragoman crew. These guides live and travel with you through their home country and it is usual to tip them when they leave. We recommend USD10 to USD15 per person.

Currencies & Cash

It is not really worth trying to buy local currencies before you travel.  Do also bear in mind that many countries have strict regulations about the amount of their own local currency you are allowed to import - if you are found with amounts in excess of the allowed amounts, it may well be confiscated!

For trips in Turkey, South East Asia, India and Nepal, a sensible mix of cash and ATM cards is best. However, most of our past passengers have said they wished they had been told to bring more cash. Apart from the convenience of being able to change money in many more places, you will sometimes get a much better exchange rate for cash.

For trips in Central Asia, China, Burma and Mongolia please refer to the money exchange notes.

You should take a mixture of denomination notes. Banks and moneychangers in most countries will now only accept bills with a metallic strip running top to bottom of the bill and which are dated from 2003 or later. You should not take worn or damaged notes, or any that have been written on. Cash machines are readily available in most areas but are not always reliable therefore we recommend that you do not rely on them as your only source of cash. Credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard and American Express are the most commonly accepted, but be prepared for very high commission charges. Please do not rely on cards for daily use, as they are not always accepted outside of larger towns and cities. Please bring a mixture of small and large denominations as in more remote areas it can be hard to change amounts over USD50.